Biomass

Biomass \ Biofuel
Biomass is used to refer to any type of biological resource. Today it is drawing keen attention as an eco-friendly renewable energy source. In particular, waste-derived biomass, including scrap wood from forestry and construction, rice straw, rice husk, animal waste, kitchen waste, and sewage sludge, is generated annually in the volume of millions of tons, bearing great potential as a resource.

Direct suppliers are lined up by us for the supply of:
  * Wood chips
  * Palm Kernel Shell (PKS)
  * Coconut Shell
  * Coconut Husk
  * Coconut Charcoal
  * Olive Oil Cake
  * UCO (used Cooking Oil)

Biomass usually has been incinerated for heat recovery or simply disposed of without undergoing any treatment. Foreign countries are strengthening efforts to use more biomass energy, while Japanese government agencies are encouraging the development of biomass technology and implementing a wide variety of biomass energy utilization projects under its new-energy initiative. Among the various types of biomasses, wood biomass is highly renewable because in its production, carbon dioxide is immobilized during the process of photosynthesis. Further, being carbon neutral, wood biomass can effectively reduce greenhouse gases, compared with fossil resources.

Biomass is organic material that can be converted into usable energy.

Biomass can contribute significantly to the construction of a sustainable society if converted into useful materials such as energy and chemical products.

Biomass refers to biological raw materials. It can be converted into a variety of chemical products, including fuels and biodegradable plastic products. Since plant grow by absorbing CO2, effectively becoming usable as a raw material, biomass can be considered a renewable and sustainable energy source.

Bio-energy is green. The use of bio-energy from sustainable biomass resources can help create a green image for individuals, companies, municipalities and governments. Power produced from bio-energy sources can be certified as “green power” and sold at a premium in the market.

Biomass energy is clean energy
it operates in a closed carbon cycle and is carbon neutral.

Bio-energy is greenhouse gas neutral. When fossil fuels are converted into energy, they emit greenhouse gases such as Carbon Dioxide.Biomass also emits carbon dioxide when it decays naturally and when it is used to produce energy. The difference is that living biomass in plants and trees absorbs carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through photosynthesis. Thus there is a closed cycle with no net emission of greenhouse gases. By substituting bio-energy for fossil-based energy, greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced.

Woodchips

Woodchips alternative fuel
Woodchips image (USA origin)
Details following Soon

Palm Kernel Shell
Biomass residue from palm oil industries are attractive renewable energy fuel in Southeast Asia. The abundance of these biomass resources is increasing with the fast development of palm oil industries in Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand. In the Palm Oil value chain there is an overall surplus of by-products and the utilisation rate of these by-products is low.

Palm kernel shells (or PKS) are the shell fractions left after the nut has been removed after crushing in the Palm Oil mill. Kernel shells are a fibrous material and can be easily handled in bulk directly from the product line to the end use. Large and small shell fractions are mixed with dust-like fractions and small fibres.

Moisture content in PKS is low compared to other biomass residues with different. Palm kernel shells contain residues of Palm Oil, which accounts for its slightly higher heating value than average lignocellulosic biomass. Compared to other residues from the industry, it is a good quality biomass fuel with uniform size distribution, easy handling, easy crushing, and limited biological activity due to low moisture content.

Press fibre and shell, the two solid fuels alone are able to generate more than enough energy to meet the energy demands of (a palm oil) mill. The demand for palm kernel shells has increased considerably resulting in price close to that of coal. Nowadays, cement industries are using PKS to replace coal mainly because of CDM benefits.

The problems associated with the burning of these solid fuels are the emissions of dark smoke and the carry-over of partially carbonized fibrous particulates due to incomplete combustion of the fuels can be tackled by commercially-proven technologies in the form of high-pressure boilers. Dual-fired boilers capable of burning either diesel oil or natural gas are the most suitable for burning palm Oil waste since they could also facilitate the use of POME-derived biogas as a supplementary fuel. However, there is a great scope for introduction of high-efficiency CHP systems in the industry which will result in substantial supply of excess power to the public

Coconut Shell
Details following soon

Coconut Husk
Details following soon

Coconut Charcoal
Details following soon

Olive Oil Cake
Details following soon

UCO (Used Cooking Oil)
Offer Sellercode XXXXXX
Used Cooking oil we source from a reliable and major collector. The specs of the used cooking oil are below.
Quantity:  2.000 tons per month for a first period of 6 months with possible extension.
Specification
– FFA: 3% Max (METHOD, AOCS CA THE 5TH – 40) 
– MIU: <0.1% METHOD (AOCS CA 2E – 84 (KARL-FISCHER REAGENT), AOCS CA 3-46, THE 6TH AOCS CA – 40) UP TO 2%. 
– PHOSPHORUS: <30 PPM METHOD (AOCS CA 20-99 (ICP-OES)) 
– SULFUR: <10 PPM METHOD (DIN 51400-10 (ICP-OES)) WE COULD ACCEPT THE VALUE OF 18 PPM. 
– TRIGLYCERIDE CONTENT:> 90% (ACCORDING TO ECN 42 STANDARD). 
– WAXES: <50 PPM (AOCS CH 8-02  – SAPONIFICATION VALUE: 186 
– IODINE VALUE: 120 
– SPECIFIC GRAVITY @ 25’C : 0.915  – DENSITY (KG/M3) – 920
– FLASHPOINT BY P.-M. (DEGREE C) – 220
– CALORIFIC VALUE (KJ/KG) – 36,000
– KINEMATIC VISCOSITY (40 DEG.C) (MM2/S)
– CARBON RESIDUE (MASS-%) – 0.4
– IODINE NUMBER (G/100G) – 110)
The supplier is ISCC certified.

Offer Sellercode FSC08/01:
Specs which we can supply are in the table below

UCO1 UCO2 UCO3
MI <0.5% <2.0% <3%
FFA <1.5% <8% 30~75%
Iodine value >90 >85 >80
Sulfur content <35ppm <60ppm <180ppm
Capacity/month MT 500 500 500
CIF  EUR Bid EUR Bid EUR Bid

Origin:        Far East
Packing:     Flexibag